Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Testicualar Cancer

Testicular cancer is a disease when testicular cells become abnormal or malignant in one or both testicles.The exact cause of testicular cancer is not known but risk factors include undescended testicle(s), congenital abnormalities.
Testicular cancer is often first detected by the patient discovering a lump or swelling in a testicle; other symptoms include testicular pain or discomfort; testicular enlargement; aches in the abdomen, back, or groin; or a fluid collection in the scrotum.
Testicular cancer is diagnosed by the patient's history and physical,ultrasound, and blood tests that measure testicular tumor markers. Biopsy of testicular tissue may be done.
Testicular cancer can be cured by surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy; side effects include infertility and may affect sexual function. Other side effects are due to radiation and chemotherapy.

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